might

might1 W1S1 [maıt] modal v negative short form mightn't
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(possibility)¦
2¦(suggesting)¦
3¦(asking permission)¦
4¦(somebody should have done something)¦
5¦(past purpose)¦
6 might I say/ask/add etc
7 I might say/add
8 I might have known/guessed etc
9 might (just) as well
10¦(although )¦
11¦(formal question)¦
12 might well
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: meahte, mihte]
1.) ¦(POSSIBILITY)¦
a) if something might happen or might be true, there is a possibility that it may happen or may be true, but you are not at all certain
I might be a few minutes late.
She might not want to come with us.
I suppose he might have missed the train.
This might well be her last public performance (=it is fairly likely) .
One of the guards might easily panic and shoot someone (=it is likely) .
b) used as the past tense of 'may' when reporting that someone talked or thought about the possibility of something
George said he might be able to help you.
I thought they might have gone home.
She was worried that we might get hurt.
c) used to say that something was a possibility in the past but did not actually happen
It was terrifying. We might have been killed.
2.) ¦(SUGGESTING)¦
used to suggest politely what someone should do
If you need more information, you might try the Internet.
I thought we might go to the new Chinese restaurant on the High Street.
It might be a good idea to put those plants in the shade.
We're going to a concert. You might like to come with us.
3.) ¦(ASKING PERMISSION)¦
a) spoken especially BrE used to politely ask for permission to do something
Might I borrow your pen?
I wonder if I might speak to your son.
b) used when reporting that someone asked for permission to do something
He asked if he might come in and look around.
4.) ¦(SOMEBODY SHOULD HAVE DONE SOMETHING)¦
used when you are annoyed because someone has not done something that you think they should do
You might at least say thank you.
They might have cleaned up before they left.
5.) ¦(PAST PURPOSE)¦
used after 'so that' or 'in order that' to say that someone did something in order to make something else happen or be possible
I asked for names and addresses so that I might pass on details to the police.
6.) might I say/ask/add etc
spoken especially BrE used to politely give more information, ask a question, interrupt etc
Might I ask how old you are?
Might I just say how lovely it is to see everyone here today.
7.) I might say/add
spoken used to emphasize what you are saying
I was, I might say, not surprised.
8.) I might have known/guessed etc
spoken used to say that you are not surprised at a situation
I might have known it was you!
I might have guessed I'd get no sympathy from my family.
9.) might (just) as well
a) used to suggest that someone should do something, because there is no good reason to do anything else
I suppose we might as well go home.
b) used to say that the effect of an action or situation is the same as if it was another one
They might as well have a badge on them saying 'Steal me'.
He might as well have been a million miles away.
10.)¦(ALTHOUGH )¦
used to say that even though something is perhaps true, something different or opposite is also true
He might be nearly seventeen but he's still very immature.
Surprising as it might seem, some tourists actually enjoy the British weather.
Although she might understand his beliefs, she could not accept them.
Try as I might (=although I tried hard) , I couldn't work out the answer.
11.) ¦(FORMAL QUESTION)¦
used to ask a question in a formal and rather unfriendly way
And who might you be, young man?
12.) might well
used to say that there is a good reason for a reaction, question, or feeling
'What do they hope to achieve?' 'You might well ask .'
a system of which we in Britain might well be envious
This caused a few gasps, as well it might .
might 2
might2 n [U]
[: Old English; Origin: miht]
1.) great strength and power
two individuals who took on the might of the English legal system
He swung the axe again with all his might .
2.) might is right
BrE might makes right AmE
used to say that powerful people and countries are able to do whatever they want, especially when you disapprove of this

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Might — Might, n. [AS. meaht, miht, from the root of magan to be able, E. may; akin to D. magt, OS. maht, G. macht, Icel. m[=a]ttr, Goth. mahts. [root]103. See {May}, v.] Force or power of any kind, whether of body or mind; energy or intensity of purpose …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Might — may refer to: Might, an English auxiliary verb, a verb whose function it is to give further semantic or syntactic information about the main or full verb which follows it Might , a song by Modest Mouse from their 1996 album This Is a Long Drive… …   Wikipedia

  • Might! — Studio album by NON Released 1995 Genre Noise Industrial Label …   Wikipedia

  • might — Ⅰ. might [1] ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. present might) past of MAY(Cf. ↑may). 1) used to express possibility or make a suggestion. 2) used politely or tentatively in questions and requests. Ⅱ. might …   English terms dictionary

  • might — might1 [mīt] v.aux. [ME mihte < OE, akin to Ger möchte] 1. pt. of MAY1 2. used as a modal auxiliary in verbal phrases with present or future time reference, generally equivalent to MAY1 in meaning and use, with the following functions: a)… …   English World dictionary

  • might|y — «MY tee», adjective, might|i|er, might|i|est, adverb, noun, plural might|ies. –adj. 1. showing strength or power; powerful; …   Useful english dictionary

  • Might — (m[imac]t), imp. of {May}. [AS. meahte, mihte.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • might — I noun authoritativeness, brawn, durability, efficacy, energy, force, greatness, influence, intensity, main force, mightiness, muscle, potency, potential, powerfulness, prowess, puissance, robustness, severity, sinew, strength, sturdiness,… …   Law dictionary

  • might — n strength, energy, *power, force, puissance Analogous words: vigorousness or vigor, strenuousness, energeticness, lustiness (see corresponding adjectives at VIGOROUS): potency, powerfulness, forcibleness, forcefulness (see corresponding… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • might — [n] ability, power adequacy, arm, authority, capability, capacity, clout, command, competence, control, domination, efficacy, efficiency, energy, force, forcefulness, forcibleness, get up and go*, jurisdiction, lustiness, mastery, moxie*, muscle* …   New thesaurus

  • might|i|ly — «MY tuh lee», adverb. 1. in a mighty manner; powerfully; vigorously: »Samson strove mightily and pulled the pillars down. 2. very much; greatly: »We were mightily pleased at winning …   Useful english dictionary

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